Today, the policy of disintegration of the Middle East is on the agenda of global colonialism, and the strategy of long-term instability in the Middle East, with the abuse of terrorist and separatist groups throughout the Middle East from Yemen, Syria, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Turkey and other Islamic countries. it’s obvious. This is while some people think; The “divide and rule” theory of colonialism has emerged from the illusion of conspiracy and has become a tool for many Third World politicians, especially Middle Eastern rulers.
Unaware that disintegration has been a constant policy of colonialism and has been equated in human history with the names of the great warlords and colonial powers of the hegemonic and monopolistic powers. Looking at history, it is clear that the ruling class of the world has always considered this important agenda and has easily conquered and overcome them through the separation and disintegration of lands and powers. A story that has a special place in the Middle East.
Today we are in the year 2021, one hundred and five years since 1916 and the Treaty of Sykes-Picot and a century of exploitation of the Middle East with the borders of the Western colonialists. To various ethnic groups, it forms one of the main policies of the British Empire. In the meantime, after many years of this policy, not only has this strategy not changed, but it is constantly pursued by the country’s propaganda apparatus.
Interestingly, this policy is now being fully pursued by the Americans, and US officials are explicitly talking about the partition of Iraq and Syria. While these two countries are still recognized as official members of the international community, such remarks are in fact an interference in their internal affairs.
Therefore, the analysis of the policies of the Western governments and the actors in the region is a good proof that the disintegration of the Middle East is on their agenda again. Accordingly, supporting ethnic uprisings of minorities such as Druze in Lebanon, Baluchis, Pashtuns, etc. in Pakistan, Pashtuns tajiks uzbek turkmens in Afghanistan, Christians in Ethiopia, religious sects in Sudan, Arab tribes in various Arab countries, Kurds It is on the agenda in Turkey and so on. Their goal is to fragment the Middle East and turn it into a mosaic of small, weak countries competing with each other to further weaken the power of current governments and kingdoms.
After many conflicts and with the division of the Arab territory of the Ottoman Empire, according to the agreement known as “Sykes-Picot” in 1916, the Arab and Islamic countries were formed with the current internationally recognized borders. Marc Sykes and François-Georges Pico were two British and French diplomats who, on a mission from their governments, demarcated the current borders of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The Middle East is currently going through one of its most critical historical periods. In this crisis, the problems of political development and the transition to democracy are intertwined with the crisis of ethnic and religious tensions.
Some scholars say that the problems of the Middle East began when Europeans drew the boundaries of the region on a white paper in the early twentieth century, after the First World War. The Sykes-Picot Agreement (Mark Sykes, representative of the British government, and François Georges-Picot, representative of the French government) refers to the Arab territories of the Ottoman Empire, such as Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Palestine, Egypt, and the Hejaz, as hypothetical states and nations. They divided arbitrarily and imposed their military power on the region.
According to historical records, Britain had promised the Arabs living in the Ottoman Empire that they would gain independence if they rebelled against the Ottoman Empire and overthrew it. The Ottoman Empire collapsed, but most countries in the region remained colonized until the middle of the twentieth century; Syria and Lebanon under French influence, and Iraq, Jordan and Palestine under British influence. In North Africa, Egypt came under British influence, and France dominated the Maghreb, consisting of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco.
In the middle of the twentieth century, a wave of independence-seeking rose in these countries, and nationalist militias gradually replaced monarchical regimes in these countries. This solved the problem of “colonialism” in the region, but the disparate ethnic and religious boundaries set out in the Sykes-Picot Agreement at the turn of the century remained. This dilemma, along with dictatorial regimes based on a religious and ethnic minority in these countries, is the source of the crisis that has gripped the Middle East in recent years.
The borders set for the countries of the Middle East After a hundred years, today, the emergence of ISIS and other terrorist groups in Iraq,Syria is facing a serious challenge. The future of the developments that began with the intervention of foreign countries in the region is still unclear. But the problem is that the same tools that colonialism used to shape the Middle East with its current borders have been used again, and many separatist groups have become tools for colonial games.